"Emily Brontë Full name Emily Jane Brontë. (1818 – 1848) English novelist and poet. Emily Brontë is best known for her only novel, Wuthering Heights, written under the pen name Ellis Bell. Although Wuthering Heights is now regarded as a classic of English literature, contemporary opinions were deeply polarized; the novel was considered controversial because of its naturalistic depiction of mental and physical cruelty. Besides, the author challenged strict Victorian ideals, including religious hypocrisy, morality, social classes and gender inequality. "